A carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition, which resulted from the compression of the median nerve of the wrist. This condition causes tingling, numbness, and weakness of the hand. Some individuals may also feel a radiating pain between the elbow and the hand. In most cases, it also affects the functions of the fingers. A person with this condition may have limited hand function.
Those who have pre-existing illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis, hypothyroidism, and diabetes are prone to develop this syndrome. Moreover, the repetitive movement of the hands especially when it is bent lower that the wrist can lead to the development of this syndrome such as typing on the keyboard and using the mouse whole day.
This condition can be ruled out through a combination of history taking, physical assessment, and diagnostic testing. The diagnostic testing may include Electrodiagnostic studies and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. Depending on the assessment. In some cases, blood tests are required.
If the condition is acute and mild, it can just be treated with rest. The activities that could provoke the symptoms should be stopped. Furthermore, the use of cold therapy can also relieve the pain and inflammation.
A physician can prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If medications still don’t work, a physical therapy plus the use of splint may be recommended in addition to the pharmacologic regimen. Some people would opt for injection therapy. However, if the condition becomes severe, chronic, and unresponsive from the conservative regimen, a surgery called carpal tunnel release could be an option to obtain a long-term relief from the debilitating pain.
Prevention and Long-term Relief
You can prevent acquiring this condition or its re-occurrence by using proper ergonomics. Rest your hand from a prolonged activity. Do some wrist exercises to relieve pressure from a repetitive work. When you are using the keyboard and mouse keep your shoulder relaxed, your wrist straight, and your hands higher from your wrist.