The earthquake is caused by the unexpected release of energy from the Earth’s lithosphere that produces seismic waves. Actually, there are millions of earthquakes that occur in a year. Some of the earthquakes are just mild and unnoticeable. However, some of it is violent and disruptive.
Because earthquakes are unpredictable and it could risk your life, it is better to be aware of the safety protocols that you must do before, during, and after an earthquake. Here are things that you should prepare and do when earthquakes occur.
Initially, you should create a disaster plan. Survey your location whether you are at home or outside. Be sure to be aware of the safety places to hide during an earthquake such as hard tables. If you are at home, bolt your house to the foundation and reinforce support beams when necessary. Also, secure the cabinets, bookshelves, and appliances to minimize falling objects during an earthquake. Make sure to have an emergency kit, which includes food, water, blankets, extra batteries, whistle, medications, toiletries, and few items of clothing. Also, it is better to have a name tag with you.
Get rid or stay away from windows or things that could fall over. Practice drop, cover, and hold. Hide under sturdy desks or tables with your emergency kit. When rushing, protect your head and neck with your arms. Furthermore, avoid going out when after the shaking stops because it is more dangerous. There might be some debris that would fall over you.
Do not be confident when the earthquake stops because aftershocks are life threatening as well. After an earthquake, you must check for possible injuries. Then, check your home or surroundings for damages including gas leaks, faulty wirings, broken glasses or objects, and cracked walls. The aftershocks may occur few days and will last for about weeks after the initial earthquake. Remember to be safe and each time that you feel that the ground is shaking, put in your mind to drop, cover, and hold on.